Sunday, September 14, 2008

Learn about Authority in 5 minutes

Learn about Authority in 5 minutes

Q 1. Explain delegation of authority?

Ans. Delegation of authority may be defined as a process in which superior grants some part of his authority to his subordinate.

For Example: Mr. X delegates some part of authority to Mr. Y and says:

Mr. X (Superior) : Have you Produced 140 toys?

Mr. Y (Subordinate):I have produced it.

Q 2. Elements of delegation of authority?

Ans. There are three elements of delegation of authority:-

* Authority
* Responsibility
* Accountability

* (i) Authority: - Authority is the right/power to take work form others.

For example:- Mr. X is a superior he has right to take work form his subordinates i.e. Mr. Y and Mr. Z.

(ii) Responsibility: - Responsibility is the obligation to perform the assigned tasks.

For Example:- In above case Mr. Y and Mr. Z has to perform their respective tasks which has been assigned by the superior (Mr. X) to them.

(iii) Accountability:- It means answer ability of completing the assigned tasks.

For Example:- In above case Mr. Y and Mr. Z working as a subordinates completes . Their tasks respectively they must have to inform to Mr. X that they have completed the tasks.

Q 3. Explain Coordination?

Ans. It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action for the pursuit of common goal.

For Example:- “Like thread in a garland”


“Like Blood in human body”

Q 3 . Explain Centralization and Decentralization?

Ans. Centralization means authority holding by top level management and does not require to delegate where decentralization means dispersal of authority for the achievement of business goals.

Q 4. Explain the problems in delegation of authority?

Ans. On the part of the subordinates:

1. Dependence on the boss
2. fear of criticism
3. Lack of information
4. lack of self confidence

On the part of the superior:

1. Lack of self confidence in subordinates
2. Lack of ability to direct

Q 5. Explain Prerequisites for effective


1. Clear cut objectives and standards of performance should be established.
2. Subordinates should be given orientation and training
3. Adequate controls should be established to enable subordinates to measure and evaluate their own performance
4. Proper guidance should be given to subordinates